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Saturday 25 October 2014
 
 

Declaration of Arbroath - Seals

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Umfraville


Sir Ingram de Umfraville (d. in or after 1321) fought for the English at Bannockburn, where he was captured, and in due course made peace with King Robert I; but after the 1320 conspiracy he sought leave to return to England, which he did, and thereafter disappears from record.

Enlarge image of Sir Ingram de Umfraville seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Dunbar


Patrick Dunbar, eighth earl of Dunbar or March (1285-1369) became an active supporter of King Robert I only after Bannockburn.

Enlarge image of Patrick Dunbar seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Fraser


Sir Alexander Fraser (d. 1332) was a committed supporter of King Robert I, marrying the king’s sister Mary in 1316, and was king’s chamberlain 1319-1327.

Enlarge image of Sir Alexander Fraser seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Strathearn


Malise Strathearn, seventh earl of Strathearn (c1275–c1330) was a firm adherent of the Scottish cause, although his mother was convicted for taking part in the 1320 conspiracy to overthrow King Robert I.

Enlarge image of Malise Strathearn seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher)

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Hay


Sir Gilbert Hay of Erroll (d. 1333) was a loyal supporter of King Robert I, who granted him the heritable office of constable of Scotland in 1314

Enlarge image of Sir Gilbert Hay of Erroll seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Lennox


Malcolm Lennox, fifth earl of Lennox (d. 1333) was a committed supporter of King Robert I, receiving a grant from him of the sheriffdom and castle of Dumbarton in 1321.

Enlarge image of Malcolm Lennox seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Lamberton


Alexander de Lamberton is not named in the document text, but his name is written on a seal tag and his seal is present. He seems to have been a landowner in Angus.  He became a supporter of Edward Balliol after the battle of Dupplin, 1332.

Enlarge image of Alexander de Lamberton seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Keith


Sir Edward Keith, subsequently Marischal of Scotland (d. 1346) is not named in the document text, but his seal is present. He succeeded his brother Sir Robert Keith (who fought at Bannockburn) c1344; both he and his brother received significant land grants from King Robert I in the 1320s.

Enlarge image of Sir Edward Keith seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Keith and Campbell



Keith and Campbell: this is a unique survival on the document of two seals on one tag, of Edward Keith and Arthur Campbell.

Enlarge image of Keith and Campbell seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Campbell


Arthur Campbell is not named in the document text, but there is a seal (in poor condition) present which may be his.  Ancestor of the Campbells of Strachur, Campbell was a supporter of King Robert I, receiving from him a grant of land in Argyll and was constable of Dunstaffnage Castle.

Enlarge image of Arthur Campbell seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).




NO SEAL IMAGE Thomas de Menzies is not named in the document text, but his name is written on a seal tag and his seal is present.  He was one of the family with lands in Perthshire and Dumfriesshire (he himself possessing Fortingall), steady supporters of the house of Bruce.
Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Inchmartin


John de Inchmartin (later knighted, d. after 1334) is not named in the document text, but his name was written on a seal tag and his seal is present. He was sheriff of Perth in the 1320s. He became a supporter of Edward Balliol after the battle of Dupplin, 1332.

Enlarge image of John de Inchmartin seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Duraunt


John Duraunt is not named in the document text, but his seal is present.  Beyond a guess that he might be from south-west Scotland, nothing is known of him.

Enlarge image of John Duraunt seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Cheyne


Reginald le Cheyne (later knighted, d. c1345) was lord of Duffus and Inverugie, as well as receiving the lands of Strathbrock in West Lothian in 1323.  His father (d. c1308) had been a prominent English supporter, a line which the son may briefly have followed.

Enlarge image of Reginald le Cheyne seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).




NO SEAL IMAGE Sir Alexander Seton (d.c1348) defected to King Robert I on the eve of Bannockburn and soon received great favour, being the king’s household steward in 1317 and the king’s son steward in 1328; he was a notable landowner in East Lothian.

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Oliphant


Sir William Oliphant of Dupplin and Aberdalgie (d. 1329) became loyal to King Robert I probably after Bannockburn and was well rewarded by the king for his service with land grants.

Enlarge image of Sir William Oliphant seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Morham


Thomas de Morham is not named in the document text, but his name is written on a seal tag and his seal is present.  Morham was a landowner in Stirlingshire and East Lothian, but his line of the family seems to have died out in the mid-14th century.

Enlarge image of Thomas de Morham seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Moubray


Sir Roger de Moubray (d. 1320) was an English supporter who changed sides after Bannockburn.  He was involved in the 1320 conspiracy.  Although he died before the trial, his body was brought into court and his corpse was convicted. It was allowed decent burial on the king’s intervention.

Enlarge image of Sir Roger de Moubray seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Brechin wife


Sir David Brechin (d. 1320) may have been a crusading knight, but was never really a Bruce follower and was hanged for his part in the 1320 conspiracy. It is the seal of his second wife (Mary Ramsay) on the document.

Enlarge image of Sir David Brechin seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).

Seal on the Declaration of Arbroath - Graham


David Graham (d. c1330) only served King Robert I after Bannockburn (his patron Sir John Comyn having been killed by the king), and received from him a grant of lands including Old Montrose in Angus in 1325.

Enlarge image of David Graham seal (requires Flash Player version 9 or higher).


   
 
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